"Plagiarism is the submission of another’s work as one’s own without acknowledgment in written work.
There are basically four ways in which research papers use or incorporate written materials, and each of these requires footnoting.
1. Direct Quotations should be marked off with quotation marks, with a footnote to indicate the source. It is not necessary to place in quotation marks every word in your paper that appears in a source you are using. If your paper concerns Napoleon, for example, you need not place “Napoleon” in quotation marks merely because your sources use the name. Similarly, there are phrases of some length such as “on the other hand” or “it is evident that” which are common property and act in effect as single words.
2. Paraphrase. Where your own language follows closely the language of a written source, or where your line of argument follows a source, you need not use quotation marks, but you are obliged to indicate the source in a footnote.
3. General Indebtedness. Where the ideas in your paper closely resemble and were suggested by ideas in a source, a footnote should be used to indicate this.
4. Background Information. In any area of inquiry there are matters of fact commonly known to everyone with a serious interest. Such information need not
be footnoted one fact at a time. Instead, a general footnote toward the beginning of the paper, naming the sources where such information was obtained, is sufficient."
RefWorks is a web-based bibliographic management tool. With RefWorks you can create a list of citations; format in-text citations, footnotes and endnotes; organize your citations in a variety of ways; and format bibliographies automatically in any standard format (or "style"): APA, Chicago, MLA, etc. You can import records directly into RefWorks from selected databases, including Academic Search Complete, JSTOR, and others.
To use RefWorks, you'll first need to create an account while on campus, but you can then log into RefWorks from anywhere. Take advantage of the RefWorks tutorial, which will help you get started efficiently.