Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
Today's Hours

Political Science

Plagiarism Lines Blur Students in the Digital Age

Gabriel, Trip. "Plagiarism Lines Blur for Students in Digital Age." New York Times, August 1, 2010.



Zotero [zoh-TAIR-oh] is a free, easy-to-use Firefox extension to help you collect, manage, cite, and share your research sources. 

For a quick introduction to the features and capabilities of Zotero, check out this video on the Zotero web site:

Quick Start Guide

CCNY Honor Code on Plagiarism


"Plagiarism is the submission of another’s work as one’s own without acknowledgment in written work.

There are basically four ways in which research papers use or incorporate written materials, and each of these requires footnoting.

1. Direct Quotations should be marked off with quotation marks, with a footnote to indicate the source. It is not necessary to place in quotation marks every word in your paper that appears in a source you are using. If your paper concerns Napoleon, for example, you need not place “Napoleon” in quotation marks merely because your sources use the name. Similarly, there are phrases of some length such as “on the other hand” or “it is evident that” which are common property and act in effect as single words.

2. Paraphrase. Where your own language follows closely the language of a written source, or where your line of argument follows a source, you need not use quotation marks, but you are obliged to indicate the source in a footnote.

3. General Indebtedness. Where the ideas in your paper closely resemble and were suggested by ideas in a source, a footnote should be used to indicate this.

4. Background Information. In any area of inquiry there are matters of fact commonly known to everyone with a serious interest. Such information need not

be footnoted one fact at a time. Instead, a general footnote toward the beginning of the paper, naming the sources where such information was obtained, is sufficient."

Citing Your Sources

Value of citations

  • Important to give credit to your sources (academic honesty)
  • Readers will judge your work based on the quality of your sources
  • Readers may consult the sources you cite to verify your statements
  • It's an important way for scholars to share information
  • Students should be able to have some comfort in reading citatons to determine the type and value of a source.


RefWorks is a web-based bibliographic management tool. With RefWorks you can create a list of citations; format in-text citations, footnotes and endnotes; organize your citations in a variety of ways; and format bibliographies automatically in any standard format (or "style"): APA, Chicago, MLA, etc. You can import records directly into RefWorks from selected databases, including Academic Search Complete, JSTOR, and others.

To use RefWorks, you'll first need to create an account while on campus, but you can then log into RefWorks from anywhere. Take advantage of the RefWorks tutorial, which will help you get started efficiently.

Annotated Bibliographies

The library has a webpage called Preparing an Annotated Bibliography that may be useful to you.

To use RefWorks to format an annotated bibliography, you'll need to slightly modify the format, or "style," that you are using. Look over Customizing an Output Style for instructions.